|Comprehensive Sexuality Education
|Teaches that sexuality is a natural,
normal, healthy part of life.
||Teaches that sexual activity outside of marriage
will have harmful social, psychological, and physical
|Teaches that abstinence from sexual intercourse
is the most effective method of preventing unintended
pregnancy and STDs, including HIV.
||Teaches that abstinence from sexual intercourse
before marriage is the only acceptable behavior.
|Provides values-based education and offers
students the opportunity to explore and define
their individual values as well as the values of
their families and communities.
||Teaches one set of values as morally correct for
|Includes a wide variety of sexuality-related topics,
such as human development, relationships, interpersonal
skills, sexual expression, sexual health,
and society and culture.
||Limits topics to abstinence before marriage and
the negative consequences of pre-marital sexual
|Includes accurate, factual information on abortion,
masturbation, and sexual orientation.
||Either omits or contains biased information
about topics such as abortion, masturbation, and
|Provides positive messages about sexuality,
including the benefits of abstinence.
||Often relies on fear and shame to control young
people’s sexual behavior.
|Teaches that the proper use of latex condoms,
along with water-based lubricants, can greatly
reduce, but not eliminate, the risk of unintended
pregnancy and infection with sexually transmitted
diseases (STDs), including HIV.
||Discusses condoms only in terms of failure rates;
often exaggerates condom failure rates.
|Teaches that consistent use of contraception can
greatly reduce a couple’s risk for unintended
||Discusses contraception only in terms of failure
rates; often exaggerates contraceptive failure
|Includes accurate medical information about
STDs, including HIV; teaches that individuals can
||Often includes inaccurate medical information
and exaggerated statistics regarding STDs, including
HIV; suggests that STDs are an inevitable
result of pre-marital sexual behavior.
|Teaches that religious values can play an important
role in an individual’s decisions about sexual behavior;
offers students the opportunity to explore their
own and their family’s religious values.
||Often promotes specific religious beliefs.
|Teaches that a woman faced with an unintended
pregnancy has options: carrying the pregnancy to
term and raising the baby, carrying the pregnancy
to term and placing the baby for adoption, or
ending the pregnancy with an abortion.
||Teaches that adoption is the only morally correct
and mature decision for a woman faced with an